Science has revealed a long list of complex reasons why social connections benefit our mental and physical health. Experiencing relationships and support can lead to longer lives, healthier habits, reduced symptoms of stress, and a sense of meaning in life. Most of us have personally experienced these rewards and don’t need a study to tell us why our relationships matter. However, despite our inclination toward connection, we all hold certain patterns and beliefs that can lead us to resist the intimacy and vulnerability that are essential to, not only sustaining these connections, but fully experiencing their many benefits.
Humans are sociable creatures by nature. While most of us aspire to have close relationships, we are afraid of vulnerability, which is the very trait that allows us to do so. We incorrectly dismiss vulnerability as weak in a culture that values having a thick skin, being strong and self-contained.
What Is Vulnerability?
We believe it will expose us to unnecessary pain and shame that we could simply avoid. The willingness to genuinely be ourselves and to expose a softer side of ourselves that is not hidden behind our defences is what vulnerability is all about. Vulnerability is about having the courage to show up and be seen.
Why Do Some Of Us Avoid Vulnerability?
Our motivations for avoiding vulnerability are very personal and unique to our circumstances. They often tie back to the formative period in our lives. Children have an acute sense of observation. From our earliest relationships, we learnt how to relate. We picked up on how our parents viewed and handled us, as well as themselves and others.
For example, if we had a rejecting or neglectful parent, we may see ourselves as a burden or intrusion. If we had a parent who was critical or flew off the handle, we may walk on eggshells and keep to ourselves. Whatever the circumstance, the message most of us internalise is that “it’s not okay to just be me.” We grew up believing, to varying degrees, that something about us is flawed or shameful. As a result, we expect that we won’t be accepted and that others will fail us. We try to protect ourselves by keeping our guard up.
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The related patterns that surround us as children not only serve as a model for how we expect the world to work, but they also teach us to defend ourselves in ways that, while adaptive in childhood, are harmful in adulthood.
Originally, we developed our defenses to protect ourselves when we were dependent and helpless, and felt overwhelmed by the hurt of being rejected or ignored or not getting our needs met. But ultimately, they lead us astray, because as adults we can tolerate pain and frustration. Being defended and unwilling to be vulnerable hurts our connections to others.
The Critical Inner Voice
The critical inner voice is a destructive thought process that acts like an internal parent and tends to assess, judge, undermine, and insult us as we move through our lives. “Don’t show her who you really are. She’d want nothing to do with you,” it warns. “You’re going to make a fool of yourself. Don’t put yourself out there,” it says. This “voice” reinforces old, negative beliefs about ourselves and leaves us feeling anxious or afraid of being an imposition on others.
It tells us in a variety of ways that we are not acceptable. It also warns us not to trust others. “He only wants to take advantage of you.” “She will never really love you. Keep your distance.” Basically, it does everything in its power to prevent us from being vulnerable and forming intimate connections with others.
The Key To Connection Is Vulnerability
Yet, our willingness to be vulnerable and tolerate intimacy matters much more than we think. A few years ago, researcher Brene Brown conducted thousands of interviews, and came to the conclusion that the key to connection is vulnerability. “There can be no intimacy—emotional intimacy, spiritual intimacy, physical intimacy—without vulnerability,” said Brown. “One of the reasons there is such an intimacy deficit today is because we don’t know how to be vulnerable. It’s about being honest with how we feel, about our fears, about what we need, and, asking for what we need. Vulnerability is glue that holds intimate relationships together. “
When we resist vulnerability, we’re listening to a “voice” that’s telling us we shouldn’t be a open, but in truth, we’re actually denying the people close to us by not allowing them to fully know us. We fear we will be hurt or rejected, but vulnerability actually draws people in. We’re doing ourselves and the other person a favor by being open.
Many of us struggle with vulnerability because of fear, but we also fail to fully realize all of the ways we protect and distance ourselves from others. It may feel like we’re doing the right thing by keeping our mouths shut, when in fact, we should be doing just the opposite.
What It Means To Be Vulnerable
Ask for what you need
When we’re hurting, it’s easy to dismiss our pain or try to protect ourselves and the people around us by closing off. Achieving close connections means being willing to speak up when we’re in need. Admitting that we need someone to lean on or that we’re struggling or need help allows our loved ones to feel for us and respond to us in ways that bring us closer.
Be willing to expose your feelings
Sometimes we are afraid to expose our feelings even to ourselves. But acknowledging and accepting our feelings is an important part of being in touch with ourselves and sharing ourselves with others. A big part of strengthening our connections involves being willing to share how feel with someone else.
Say what you want
So many people are very good at stating exactly what they don’t like and what they don’t want. This leads to a lot of back and forth that gets us nowhere. Instead of blaming and complaining, say what you actually want. It’s usually much harder for people to do this. When people take a chance and try and get in touch with what they want and do say what they want, they often feel sadness from opening up and being vulnerable. Their voices and expressions soften. It’s touching to see the connection people feel for each other when they’re strong enough to be vulnerable and say directly what they want.
Express what you really think
In addition to expressing our wants and needs, it’s important to be honest about our point of view and showing our real selves. Our relationship should be a space in which we aren’t afraid to say what we really think. This doesn’t mean being insensitive or unnecessarily hurtful, but it does mean offering an authentic exchange. We should be open to giving and receiving feedback without being overly defensive. Remembering that we are all human and therefore flawed can help us have more self-compassion and interest as we engage in more honest exchanges.
Slow down and be present
Part of vulnerability is being willing to be in the moment with someone else. When we listen to our critical inner voice or spend a lot of time in our heads, we can miss out on intimacy. Looking our partner in the eye, listening to what they have to say, and being willing to give time and attention to the moment are acts of vulnerability that are often harder to do than we imagine. Yet, engaging in each of these behaviors keeps us closer to one another and to our own feelings.
Vulnerability Strengthens Us & Our Relationships
It’s surprising just how anxious being vulnerable can make us. Many of us have deep, even unconscious fears of intimacy. There is real sadness and fear around allowing another person to really know us and to feel close to that person emotionally.
Both intimacy and vulnerability challenge us to give up an old, familiar identity and form a new conception of ourselves in which we believe that we’ll be accepted for who we are. However, staying vulnerable helps us consistently recognise our value as a unique and independent human being, while giving us the courage to reveal ourselves in ways that will strengthen our connections.